of Chief Justice ARTEMIO V. PANGANIBAN (Ret.)

1. PRESENT OCCUPATION — As of January 1, 2023

  • COLUMN WRITER, Philippine Daily Inquirer
  • SENIOR LEGAL ADVISOR, Department of Energy (Law and Energy Advisory Panel)
  • PUBLICLY LISTED Enterprises
    ASIAN TERMINALS, INC. (ATI) – Independent Director, Board of Directors; Chairman, Corporate Governance Committee; Member, Nominations Committee
    BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS (BPI) – Member, Advisory Council
    DOUBLE DRAGON PROPERTIES CORPORATION (DD) – Adviser, Board of Directors; Member, Corporate Governance Committee
    GMA HOLDINGS, INC. – Independent Director, Board of Directors
    GMA NETWORK, INC. – Independent Director, Board of Directors; Vice Chairman, Audit and Risk Management Committee; Compensation and Remuneration Committee and Nominations Committee
    JG SUMMIT HOLDINGS, INC. – Independent Director, Board of Directors; Member, Corporate Governance Committee; Audit, Related Party Transaction and Risk Oversight Committee
    JOLLIBEE FOODS CORPORATION (JFC) – Non-Executive Director, Board of Directors; Chairman, Nominations Committee; Member, Executive Committee; Compensation Committee
    MERALCO – Lead Independent Director, Board of Directors; Chairman, Audit Committee;    Member, Executive Committee; Related Party Transactions Committee; Risk Management Committee
    MERRY MART CONSUMER CORPORATION (MM) – Adviser, Board of Directors
    METRO PACIFIC INVESTMENTS CORP. (MPIC) – Lead Independent Director, Board of Directors. Chairman, Risk Management Committee; Member, Audit Committee; Data Privacy and Information Security Committee; Finance Committee; Governance and Sustainability Committee
    PETRON CORPORATION – Independent Director, Board of Directors; Chairman, Related Party Transaction Committee; Member, Audit Committee; Corporate Governance Committee
    METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY (Metrobank) – Senior Adviser, Board of Directors
    PLDT, Inc. – Lead Independent Director, Board of Directors; Chairman, Risk Management Committee; Member, Audit Committee; Executive Compensation Committee; Governance, Nominations and Sustainability Committee
    RL COMMERCIAL REIT, INC. – Independent Director, Board of Directors; Chairman, Audit Committee
  • Large NON-PUBLICLY LISTED Enterprises
    ASIAN HOSPITAL AND MEDICAL CENTER – Independent Director, Board of Directors
    METRO PACIFIC TOLLWAYS CORPORATION – Independent Director, Board of Directors; Chairman, Corporate Governance & Risk Committee; Member, Audit Committee; Finance Committee
    TeaM ENERGY CORPORATION – Independent Director, Board of Directors
  • Small and Medium Enterprises (SME)
    ARPAN INVESTMENT AND MANAGEMENT, INC. – Founder and Chairman, Board of Directors
    ARPAN AIR, INC. – Founder and Chairman Emeritus
    THE BARON TRAVEL CORPORATION – Founder and Chairman Emeritus
  • Local Foundations and Non-Profit Association
    FOUNDATION FOR LIBERTY AND PROSPERITY – Founder and Chairman, Board of Trustees; Chairman, Executive Committee; Member, Corporate Governance Committee, Finance Committee
    CLAUDIO TEEHANKEE FOUNDATION – Vice Chairman, Board of Trustees
    PHILIPPINE JUDGES FOUNDATION – Chairman, Board of Trustees
    TAN YAN KEE FOUNDATION, INC. – Member, Board of Trustees; Vice Chairman, Executive Committee
  • International and Regional Organizations
    ASEAN LAW ASSOCIATION or ALA (Singapore) – Vice President
    PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION (The Hague, The Netherlands) – Member (Chairman, Philippine National Group)
  • Local Associations and Non-Profit Organizations
    ASEAN LAW ASSOCIATION PHILIPPINES – Chairman, Philippine National Committee
    ASIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT – Adviser, Corporate Governance Center
    METROBANK FOUNDATION, INC. – Chairman, Board of Advisers


  • CHIEF JUSTICE of the Philippines
  • CHAIRPERSON, Presidential Electoral Tribunal (PET)
  • CHAIRPERSON, Judicial and Bar Council
  • CHAIRPERSON, Philippine Judicial Academy

3. PAST MAJOR POSITIONS IN THE JUDICIARY (prior to becoming Chief Justice)

  • JUSTICE, Supreme Court of the Philippines, 1995-2005
  • CHAIRPERSON, Third Division, Supreme Court, 2004-2005
  • CHAIRPERSON, House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal, 2004-2005
  • MEMBER, Senate Electoral Tribunal, 2002-2004
  • CHAIRPERSON, International Forum on Liberty and Prosperity, October 18-20, 2006
  • CONFERENCE CHAIRPERSON, International Conference and Showcase on Judicial Reforms, November 28-30, 2005
  • CONSULTANT, Judicial and Bar Council, 2004-2005
  • CHAIRPERSON of eight Supreme Court Committees, 1998-2005

4. AUTHOR of the following books:

Love God, Serve Man (1994)
Justice and Faith (1997)
Battles in the Supreme Court (1998)
Leadership by Example (1999)
Transparency, Unanimity and Diversity (2000)
A Centenary of Justice (2001)
Reforming the Judiciary (2002)
The Bio-Age Dawns on the Judiciary (2003)
Leveling the Playing Field (2004)
Judicial Renaissance (2005)
Liberty and Prosperity(2006, two volumes)
With Due Respect (2012)
With Due Respect 2 (2017)
With Due Respect 3 (2021)


Primus Inter Pares (2006, two volumes)
Summa (2006)
In Defense of Liberty (2006)
In Defense of the Rule of Law (2006)
A Test of Courage (2007)


  • Manila Golf Club, Manila Polo Club, Tagaytay Highlands Golf Club
  • Honorary Member, Consular Corps of the Philippines
  • Honorary Member, Phi Kappa Phi International Honor Society, UP Chapter
  • Honorary Member, San Beda Law Alumni Association
  • “Adopted Son of Cebu” by the Cebu Provincial Government
  • “Adopted Son of San Fernando” by the City Government of San Fernando (Pampanga)


  • Elementary, Honorable Mention, Juan Luna Elementary School, 1950
  • Secondary, Honorable Mention, Mapa High School, 1954
  • Associate in Arts, “With Highest Honors,” Far Eastern University, 1956
  • “Most Outstanding Student,” Far Eastern University, 1959
  • Bachelor of Laws, Cum Laude, Far Eastern University, 1960
  • Bar Examinations, 1960, 6th place with a grade of 89.55 percent
  • Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa), University of Iloilo, 1997
  • Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa), Far Eastern University, 2002
  • Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa), University of Cebu, 2006
  • Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa), Angeles University, 2006
  • Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa), Bulacan State University, 2006


Date of Birth: December 7, 1936 Place of Birth: Manila, Philippines

  • Wife:

AB-Math, St. Scholastica’s College
BSE, St. Scholastica’s College
MA-Statistics, University of the Philippine
MBM, Asian Institute of Management
Retired professor and former Associate Dean, Asian Institute of Management

  • Children:

BSM-Honors Course, Ateneo de Manila University
MBA, University of California
President and Chief Executive, The Baron Travel Corporation and related companies

BSME, Honorable Mention, Ateneo de Manila University
Bachelor of Music, Summa Cum Laude, University of the Philippines
Advance Course in Piano, Fortbildungsklasse, Hochschule Fuer Musik, Munich, Germany, 1991
M.S. in Operations Research, “With Distinction,” Stanford University, 1993
M.S. in Engineering Economic Systems, Stanford University, 1994
Ph.D in Engineering Economic Systems and Operations Research, Stanford University, 1999 (Stanford Centennial Awardee)
Executive Director, J.P. Morgan, NYC, USA

BSME, Cum Laude, Ateneo de Manila University
MBA, University of Chicago, Chicago, USA
Chief Financial Officer, White Oak Global Advisors LLC, NYC, USA

BSME, Ateneo de Manila University
MBA, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Professor, Asian Institute of Management

John Kennedy High School, Waterbury, Connecticut, USA (top graduate)
BS-Biology, University of the Philippines
Courses in International Economics, University of Connecticut, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
MA (Economics) ’94, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Master in Public Policy ’96, Harvard University
Managing Director, New York Life Investors, LLC, a subsidiary of New York Life Insurance Co., NYC, USA

8. CHAIRPERSON, Final Board of Judges of the following:

  • 1998 Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition (Philippine National Round)
  • 1998 Metrobank Search for Outstanding Teachers
  • 1998 TOYM sponsored by the Philippine Jaycees, Gerry Roxas Foundation, TOYM Foundation and Equitable Bank
  • 1998 Youth for Democracy Oratorical Contest sponsored by the Management Association of the Philippines (MAP) and Rotary International
  • 2000 Rotary Club of Manila Journalism Awards
  • 2001 Anvil Awards, sponsored by the Public Relations Society of the Philippines
  • 2001 Search for Outstanding Journalists, sponsored by the Asian Institute of Journalism and the Metrobank Foundation
  • 2004 and 2005 Search for Outstanding Judges, Clerks of Court and other judicial officers, sponsored by the Supreme Court
  • 2008 Search for The Outstanding Filipinos (TOFIL) sponsored by the Jaycees Philippines Senate and the Insular Life Assurance Corp.
  • 2009 Binibining Pilipinas Beauty Pageant.
  • 2009 TOYM Sponsored by the Philippine Jaycees, Gerry Roxas Foundation and the TOYM Foundation
  • 2011 Philip Jessup International Moot Court (Phil. Championship Round)
  • 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019 Ramon V. Del Rosario Awards for Nation-Building


  • 2006 Ramon Magsaysay Awards
  • 2007 The Outstanding Filipinos (TOFIL) Awards


  • Golf and tennis

11. PAST ACTIVITIES (prior to government service)

As a Practising Lawyer

  • SENIOR PARTNER, Panganiban Parlade Benitez Africa & Barinaga Law Office (PABLAW), 1963-1995
  • SENIOR PARTNER, Panganiban Abad and Associates, 1965-1969
  • PERSONAL LEGAL COUNSEL to Senate President Jovito R. Salonga, 1987-1991
  • VICE PRESIDENT for Legal Affairs and GENERAL COUNSEL, Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PCCI), 1991-1995
  • CHIEF LEGAL COUNSEL, Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV) 1991-1995
  • LEGAL COUNSEL, Manila Archdiocesan and Parochial Schools Association – MAPSA May 7, 1993 – October 9, 1995
  • CHAIRPERSON, Workshop on Administration of Justice, Multi-Sectoral Conference convened to discuss the first 100-day and first 1,000-day programs of President Fidel V. Ramos, held on June 13, 1992 and on October 17, 1992 respectively
  • SPEAKER, 16th Conference on the Law of the World sponsored by the World Jurist Association, October 24 to 29, 1993
  • PROFESSOR of law and political science, Far Eastern University, Assumption Convent and San Sebastian College (1961-1970)
  • PRESIDENT, FEU Law Faculty Club (1966-1967)
  • PRESIDENT, FEU Law Alumni Association (1986-1987)
  • CHAIRMAN, National Legal Committee, Boy Scouts of the Phils.(BSP) (1991-1992)
  • VICE-PRESIDENT, Legal Management Council of the Philippines (1976-1977)
  • CHIEF LEGAL COUNSEL, Liberal Party (1987-1991)
  • LEGAL COUNSEL AND CONSULTANT to the Secretary of Education and to the National Board of Education of the Republic of the Philippines (1962-1965)
  • ASSOCIATE, Salonga Ordonez and Associates Law Office (1961-1963)

As a Catholic Lay Leader:

  • MEMBER, PONTIFICAL COUNCIL FOR THE LAITY, appointed by Pope John Paul II for a five-year term. During the 1996-2001 term, he was the only Filipino in this Council which was composed of 30 Catholic leaders, chosen by the Pope from various countries to advise him on “all matters involving the Christian life of the faithful.”
  • NATIONAL VICE CHAIRMAN (and CHIEF LEGAL COUNSEL), Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV), 1993-1995
  • SECRETARY, Council of the Laity of the Philippines (CLP), 1991-93
  • SERVANT LEADER, Bukas Loob Sa Diyos (BLD) Covenant Community and Chairman, BLD Foundation Inc., 1994-1995
  • LAY DELEGATE, Second Plenary Council of the Philippines (PCP II), January-February 1991
  • MEMBER, BOARD OF TRUSTEES, ACN (Aid to the Church in Need) Philippines, 2019-2021
  • MEMBER, BOARD OF TRUSTEES, Philippine Bible Society, 2008-2012
  • TRUSTEE, Alumni of Student Catholic Action (1989-90)
  • RETIRED SPECIAL MINISTER of Holy Communion, Santuario de San Antonio Parish, Makati City

As a Civic Leader:

  • PRESIDENT, Rotary Club of Manila (First and largest Rotary Club in Asia) 1990-1991
  • PRESIDENT, Philippine-Finland Association (1991-1995)
  • PRESIDENT, RCM Eyebank Foundation, Inc. (1990-1995)
  • CHAIRMAN, National Union of Students Alumni Association (1991-1995)
  • CHAIRMAN, District Conference of Rotary District 3810 (Feb.28 – Mar. 1991)
  • TREASURER, 5th Philippine Rotary Presidents’ Meet, December 14-15, 1990

As a Business Leader:

  • PRESIDENT, Baron Travel Corporation (1967-1993), Arpan Tourism Industries Corporation (1974-1993), Philippine Daily Inquirer, Inc. (1991-1992)
  • PRESIDENT, Tourism Organization of the Philippines (1977-1986) (Now called the Tourism Congress of the Philippines)
  • INTERNATIONAL CHAIRMAN, American Society of Travel Agents (first Asian to head ASTA International, the largest travel association in the world), 1985-1986
  • PRESIDENT, Philippine Society of Travel Agents (1974-1976) and Philippine Association of Tourist Transport Operators (1979-1987)
  • GOVERNOR, Management Association of the Philippines (MAP), 1990-1994 and Chairman, MAP Management Man of the Year 1994 Award
  • VICE-PRESIDENT, Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1993-1995
  • MEMBER of the following organizations: Bishop-Businessmen’s Conference (BBC), Young Presidents’ Organizations (YPO) and SKAL Club of Manila
  • INDEPENDENT DIRECTOR, Bank of PI (2010-2016)
  • INDEPENDENT DIRECTOR, Robinsons Land Corp. (2008-2021)
  • INDEPENDENT DIRECTOR, First Philippine Holdings Corp. (2007-2021)
  • DIRECTOR, International Corporate Bank (then known as Continental Bank which later merged with the Union Bank), 1972-1974
  • HONORARY CONSUL, Republic of Honduras (1981-1983)
  • CONSULTANT, World Tourism Organization (WTO), (1978-1981)
  • DIRECTOR and SECRETARY, Manila Polo Club (1990-1991)
  • EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, World University Service (1962-1965), also called Institute of Student Affairs

As a Youth Leader:

  • PRESIDENT AND CO-FOUNDER, National Union of Students of the Philippines (NUSP), (1958-1959)
  • PRESIDENT, FEU Central Student Organization (1957-1958)
  • PRESIDENT, FEU Student Catholic Action, 1960
  • MOST ILLUSTRIOUS KNIGHT, Kappa Gamma Phi Fraternity of University Scholars (1956-1957)
  • STAFF MEMBER, FEU Advocate (1955-1956) and FEU Green & Gold (1959-1960)


  • THE RENAISSANCE JURIST OF THE 21st CENTURY given by the Supreme Court of the Philippines during his retirement ceremonies on December 6, 2006
  • SILVER JUBILEE AWARDEE, Legal Management Council of the Philippines, 1990
  • OUTSTANDING MANILAN FOR 1991 given by the City of Manila
  • MOST OUTSTANDING LAW ALUMNUS FOR 1988 (sole awardee) given by the Far Eastern University Law Alumni Association on December 16, 1988
  • MOST OUTSTANDING PRACTISING LAWYER given by the Consumers’ Union of the Philippines on March 16, 1994
  • MOST DISTINGUISHED ALUMNUS in the field of LAW given by the FEU ADVOCATE, official student newspaper of Far Eastern University, 1990
  • BLUE FALCON Awardee, Mapa High School Alumni Association, 1993
  • GOLDEN HELM AWARD from the Senate of West Berlin and the Int’l. Association of Helmsmen, Berlin (1984)
  • MOST OUTSTANDING TOURISM PERSONALITY AWARD given by the Skal Club of Makati (1986); FOUNDER’S AWARD, Philippine Travel Agencies Association (1990)
  • PRESIDENTIAL GAWAD AWARD given by the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (City University of Manila), 1995
  • DR.NICANOR REYES, SR. MEDAL OF MERIT given by Far Eastern University, May 1, 1998
  • MEDAL OF HONOR, Angeles University Foundation, 1999
  • EMINENT AND DISTINGUISHED JURIST AWARD given by the Consumers’ Union of the Philippines, 2002
  • DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS, Far Eastern University, 1998
  • DIAMOND JUBILEE AWARD, Far Eastern University, 2003
  • ORDER OF THE EASTERN STAR, Far Eastern University, 2006
  • LIFETIME ACHIEVEMENT AWARD, FEU Law Alumni Association, 2006
  • NOBLESSE OBLIGE AWARD, Pasig Catholic College, 2007
  • AWARD OF HONOR, Philippine Bar Association, 2007
  • MOST OUTSTANDING KAPAMPANGAN given by the Province of Pampanga, 2010
  • RULE OF LAW AWARD given by the Chief Justice Claudio Teehankee Foundation on April 18, 2013
  • CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION, Supreme Court of the Phil and Society for Judicial Excellence, October 20, 2016
  • DIAMOND JUBILEE AWARD, as the most outstanding alumnus during the last 60 years given by the Far Eastern University Law Alumni Association, at Conrad Hotel, Pasay City, November 24, 2018
  • ROTARY CLUB OF MANILA (RCM) LEADERSHIP AWARD, for being the only RCM President to become Chief Justice, given at Philippine International Convention Center, Pasay City, June 21, 2019

13. IN RECOGNITION OF HIS ROLE AS A JURIST, LAWYER, CIVIC LEADER, CATHOLIC LAY WORKER, BUSINESS ENTREPRENEUR AND YOUTH LEADER, he has also been the recipient of over 250 other awards from various governments, civic clubs, consumer associations, bar groups, religious movements and other non-government organizations, both local and international.

from the Supreme Court, which is as follows:



Plaque of Acclamation [view PDF version]

15. After his retirement from the judiciary, he was conferred an Award of Honor by the Philippine Bar Association on the occasion of its 116th Foundation Day Celebration on April 26, 2007. The Award honored him as “a principled and visionary leader by example; a prolific writer of the Supreme Court, bar none; a renaissance man and a nobly-souled and gifted jurist; a much sought-after speaker; a recipient of over 250 awards and citations from national and international entities and organizations, including several honorary doctoral degrees; an eminent lawyer, law professor, Catholic lay worker, civic leader and businessman; a scholar imbued with mental dexterity; and, an exemplary family man.”